Jarosław Gowin was born on 4 December 1961 in Krakow. Between 2011 and 2013, he was the Minister of Justice, responsible for the deregulation law. In the 1980s, he was a member of the Independent Students' Association (Niezależne Zrzeszenie Studentów) and the Solidarity (Solidarność) movement. He was a holder of the University of Cambridge scholarship.
In 2003, he established the Tischner European University in Krakow, of which he was the Rector until 2013. Senator in the 6th Term Senate. Member of the Science and Education Committee and the Local Government and Public Administration Committee.
Since 2007, he has been a Member of the 6th, 7th, 8th and 9th term Sejm. During the 7th term Sejm, he was the Chairman of the Zjednoczona Prawica Parliamentary Club. Throughout his parliamentary work, he held such positions as the Chairman of the Team for Bioethics Convention, Chairman of an extraordinary committee for consideration of parliamentary draft bills to amend the Constitution of the Republic of Poland, and Member of the National Security Council.
Between 2015-2019, he served as Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Science and Higher Education.
On 15 November 2019, was reappointed as Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Science and Higher Education.