He is a graduate of the prestigious Ecole Polytechnique in Paris and holds scholarship in the field of quantum optics granted by the National Institute of Standards and Technologies located near Washington (DC), where he worked under the leadership of William D. Philips, winner of the Nobel Prize in physics. During his studies, he also specialised in economics, with a particular emphasis on market organisation, under the leadership of Professor Jean Tirole, winner of the 2014 Nobel Prize in economic sciences. In the field of international economics, he studied at the University of Louvain and was awarded a master's degree at the Warsaw School of Economics. He defended his doctoral dissertation at the University of Warsaw. He was a lecturer in change management, economics, market organisation and industrial strategy at the University of Warsaw, Collegium Civitas as well as within the Programme on Modern Poland at the Oxford University. He is a co-author of the concept of making effective changes in a business, described in the book "Zarządzanie zmianą. Od strategii do działania" ["Change Management. From Strategy to Action"], as well as the author of the book "Od restrukturyzacji do modernizacji. Opóźniona transformacja polskiego sektora elektroenergetycznego w latach 1990-2009" ["From Restructuring to Modernisation. Delayed Transformation of the Polish Power Sector in the Years 1990-2009"].
He began his professional career at the Office of the Committee for European Integration, in the team led by Minister Jan Kułakowski, responsible for conducting accession negotiations with the European Union, where he was in charge of an analytical team and was directly responsible for the energy and transportation sectors. He then led the modernisation of numerous Polish companies, where he supported the process of adaptation to the challenges of the European and global market. He promoted European cooperation in the scope of industrial changes and adaptation of the European industry to the challenges stemming from globalisation; he carried out his activities in that regard, among others, within the European University of Work and the Dublin Foundation.
He is the author of the governmental programme for the development of electromobility in Poland, described for the first time as a concept in a book he wrote between 2013 and 2015 together with prof. Leszek Jesień titled "New Electricity and New Cars". He holds the position of Chairman of the Steering Committee of the Electromobility Programme.
On 1 January 2016, he was appointed Secretary of State at the Ministry of Energy, where he was directly responsible for technological development and introduction of innovations to the energy sector, implementation of the climate and energy policy in the fuel and gas sector as well as international relations with countries and international organisations. He was also responsible for supervising the state's participation in the largest Polish energy companies in the oil and gas sector, such as Orlen, Lotos and PGNiG. He was the originator of the "Electromobility Development Plan", and then piloted the creation of the Act on Electromobility and Alternative Fuels, which enables dynamic develompent of these forms of transport.
On 27 April 2018, he was appointed to the position of Representative for the Presidency of COP 24 – the UN climate summit in Poland. On 2 December 2018, he became President of COP 24.
In July 2018, he was appointed Secretary of State at the Ministry of Environment.
On 15 November 2019, he was appointed to the office of Minister in the newly formed Ministry of Climate.