Deputy Prime Minister
Born on 18 June 1949 in Żoliborz, Warsaw, in a family with patriotic traditions.
During World War II, his father Rajmund was active in the underground and served in the Polish Home Army (Armia Krajowa). In 1944, he took part in the Warsaw Uprising, for which he was awarded the Order of Virtuti Militari. His mother Jadwiga joined Gray Ranks (Szare Szeregi) in 1941 and participated as a medical orderly in the Operation Tempest.
In 1967, Jarosław Kaczyński passed his final examinations at the Nicolaus Copernicus Secondary School in Warsaw. He studied law at the University of Warsaw from 1967 to 1971. Kaczyński took part in the events of March 1968.
In 1976, Jarosław Kaczyński obtained the PhD degree after defending his PhD dissertation entitled “The role of collegial bodies in governing institutions of higher education” under the supervision of professor Stanisław Ehrlich. He was a member of the academic staff in the Institute of Scientific Policy and Higher Education from 1971 to 1976. He worked as an assistant professor at the University of Warsaw branch in Białystok from 1977 to 1981 and in the Social Research Centre of the Mazovia Region of the Independent Self-Governing Trade Union “Solidarity” (NSZZ Solidarność).
After the events of June 1976, he became involved in opposition activities. He cooperated with the Workers' Defense Committee, where he worked in the Intervention Bureau of the Workers' Defense Committee, in the editorial office of the “Głos” independent journal.
Jarosław Kaczyński also participated in the events of August 1980. He organised the Solidarity movement in Warsaw and Białystok, and he was an adviser to the Mazovia Region. After 13 December he continued underground trade union activities; in 1986, he was a co-editor of the “Głos” journal, and he cooperated with the Inter-enterprise Workers’ Committee of “Solidarity”. He became a member of the Helsinki Committee in autumn of 1982.
in 1983, Kaczyński cooperated with the Interim Coordinating Commission. He became the manager of the Social Office of the Interim Coordinating Commission in 1986 and the secretary of the National Executive Committee in 1988.
In 1988, he joined the Citizens’ Committee and he took part in the Round Table Talks.
On 4 June 1989 Jarosław Kaczyński became a senator of the Republic of Poland for the Elbląg Voivodeship and in the summer Lech Wałęsa appointed him and Lech Kaczyński to hold talks concerning the establishment of the government with a Solidarity prime minister. As a result, the Tadeusz Mazowiecki’s government was formed. In October 1989, he became an editor-in-chief of the “Tygodnik Solidarność” weekly magazine. In 1990, he established the “Porozumienie Centrum” political party and became its chairman. He led the party until 1998. In 1999, he became its Honorary Chairman.
In 2001, Jarosław and Lech Kaczyński established a new political party – Law and Justice. In 2002, when Lech Kaczyński was elected as the Mayor of Warsaw, he became its Chairman. In the years from 1991 to 1993 and since 1997 he has been a deputy to the Sejm. He was also the Prime Minister from 2006 to 2007.