Prime Minister: The future we are building together is the spoken and heartfelt desire of Warsaw Insurgents

A visit to the Cemetery in Wiersze, grave cleaning and participation in a celebratory Holy Mass at the Field Cathedral of the Polish Army – that is how Prime Minister Morawiecki initiated the celebrations the 76th anniversary of the outbreak of the Warsaw Uprising last Friday. On Saturday, the Head of Government visited the Warsaw Rising Museum and the Central Archives of Modern Records (Polish: Archiwum Akt Nowych). At 5pm – the W hour  – the Prime Minister paid his respects to the people who had fallen in the fight for Poland at the Gloria Victis monument.

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Photo: Krystian Maj / Chancellery of the Prime Minister of Poland

Today, our thoughts are full of gratitude to those who came to that unfair battle. We’re thinking about Warsaw, which was then completely swallowed by fire; about all those who perished, and those who survived. We wish and believe that from their struggle, their efforts and blood, a free Poland was born. It was a milestone on the roadmap towards a free Poland said Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki.

Prime Minister and Polish Scouts at the graves of Warsaw Insurgents

Once again, on the eve of the Warsaw Uprising anniversary, Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki cleaned the graves of Insurgents. This year, the Prime Minister, accompanied by Polish Scouts, visited the cemetery in Wiersze, which is the resting place of 54 soldiers of the Homeland Army (Polish: Armia Krajowa) Kampinos Group, a partisan band of the Homeland Army that fought in the Kampinos Forest during the Warsaw Uprising.

In previous years, the Prime Minister visited the Czerniakowski Cemetery, where soldiers of the ‘Oaza’ battalion and civilians who died in skirmishes during the Warsaw Uprising had been laid to rest, as well as the Wilanów Cemetery, where members of the AK ‘Baszta’ regimen lie among other heroes.

Commemorative events at the Warsaw Uprising Monument

The Prime Minister inaugurated the official commemoration by laying flowers at the Warsaw Uprising Monument in the Krasiński Square.

The monument itself comprises the silhouettes of the Insurgents. Some of them are entering a sewer, which is a reference to the evacuation of the Old Town. Meanwhile, others are depicted as running from underneath a structure resemblant of collapsing walls and bricks falling in the aftermath of an explosion.

Right next to the monument is the Field Cathedral of the Polish Army. It was there that the celebratory Holy Mass was held on Friday, with the participation of state officials.

Memories and stories from the Warsaw Uprising

On Saturday, the Prime Minister visited one of the heroes of that time: Władysław Rosiński a.k.a. Zapałka, who fought in the Warsaw Uprising as a young boy. It was an opportunity to conjure up many memories and stories of the uprising.

Today morning, I had the great honour of meeting Mr Władysław Rosiński a.k.a. Zapałka. He told me about a street execution, when the Germans murdered 20 to 30 Poles in cold blood not far from where we stand. Such are the images of the occupied Warsaw. We must not forget about it said the Head of Government after the meeting.

Each year, citizens from all over the country write letters and send best-wishes cards to the Insurgents. During the meeting, Prime Minister Morawiecki gave Władysław Rosiński a large number of letters written to him by the Polish people.

Warsaw Rising Museum

The biggest military campaign of any resistance movement within the German-occupied Europe of World War II is commemorated by the Warsaw Rising Museum. This museum, remembering the war, provides us with a foundation for understanding the modern times and reality said the Prime Minister. He added that in order to move on into the future, one must know where he comes from.

The creation of the museum was initiated by the late President of Poland, Lech Kaczyński. Prime Minister Morawiecki laid flowers at the plate commemorating the creator of this institution, located on the façade of the Museum’s headquarters.

On the museum premises, in the Freedom Park, there is a 156-metre long Memorial Wall. Names of people killed in the Uprising have been engraved on its granite plates. The Prime Minister paid tribute to Brigadier General Antoni Chruściel, leader of the Warsaw Uprising. The Head of Government laid flowers under the 230-kilogram Monter bell, located in the central part of the Memorial Wall of the Warsaw Rising Museum.

Ceremony of handing over Fighting Solidarity records

Today’s ceremony of handing over the Fighting Solidarity (Polish: Solidarność Walcząca) memorabilia to the Central Archives of Modern Records, founded along the Second Polish Republic, is of particular importance to me said the Prime Minister.

Fighting Solidarity was a Polish anti-communist organisation started in Wrocław, 1982 by the late Kornel Morawiecki. During the ceremony, the Prime Minister remarked that today, we can speak of the Fighting Solidarity records as a testimony to the struggle for a free, solidary and independent Poland. The Head of Government thanked everyone who had made a stand and contributed the best years of their lives to serve the free and independent Republic of Poland.

The delivered memorabilia of Fighting Solidarity include photographs, underground publications of Fighting Solidarity from across the country, post stamps, documents, slips and stamps, as well as audio tapes with recordings from the 1980s.

A ceremony of awarding medals commemorating 100 years of Polish independence by the Prime Minister was also held within the walls of the Archives. These medals have been awarded since 2018 as a sign of gratitude and respect for outstanding contributors to the state and society.

W hour and tribute to the fallen

Shortly before 5pm, the Head of Government laid flowers on the grave of Brigadier General Antoni Chruściel a.k.a. Monter. The ashes of the Warsaw Uprising leader and his wife had been transported to Poland, and then buried at the Powązki Cemetery in 2004.

At W hour, the Prime Minister, along with and state officials, Insurgents and residents of Warsaw, paid tribute to those killed in the fight for the motherland at the Gloria Victis monument.

The monument commemorates the soldiers of the Homeland Army who died during the Warsaw Uprising and German occupation. Each year, ceremonies are held next to the monument at W hour, attended by state officials, combatants, their families and residents of Warsaw.

Warsaw Uprising

The Warsaw Uprising broke out on 1 january 1944 and lasted 63 days. After the first few successes, the Insurgents had to yield to the German army forces occupying the capital. Skirmishes carried on until the night of 2-3 October 1944, when the Warsaw Uprising Surrender document was signed at the SS headquarters in Ożarów Mazowiecki. Nearly 200 thousand soldiers and civilians inhabiting the city were killed in military operations taking place in the capital.

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