The power of the allied forces of the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania
During the celebrations of the 610th anniversary of the Battle of Grunwald, Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki highlighted the importance of the victory, which was made possible by the close cooperation of Poles and Lithuanians.
The head of the Polish government recalled that the Polish-Lithuanian relations have been based on mutual respect and the interfusion of the influences of many ethnic and cultural communities. Poles, Lithuanians and Ruthenians as well as Germans, Jews, Crimean Karaites and Tatars lived in one land, next to one another. ‘They built the very first European community which proved that people could coexist in peace, form one country, one organism, common institutions’ Prime Minister continued.
Memory of fraternity and solidarity
Experiences from history are one of the pillars of the current relations between both countries. The governments of Poland and Lithuania foster the traditions and the heritage of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. In 2019, we celebrated the 450th anniversary of the Union of Lublin together, and we are already preparing for the celebrations of the 230th anniversary of the Constitution of May 3.
Contemporary dimensions of cooperation
Poland and Lithuania are currently strengthening their relations in a broad range of aspects: from economic through cultural and scientific to transnational cooperation. As a result of being close neighbours, both countries share mutual interests and views on many matters. As Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki pointed out ‘we represent a common and nearly identical strategy of interests in the EU and a complete union in terms of the North Atlantic Treaty’.
Hence our cooperation in matters related to energy safety and joint infrastructure projects crucial for the entire region and the EU, which include:
the Three Seas Initiative
the Polish-Lithuanian gas interconnector
the synchronisation of the Baltic States' electricity grid with the continental European network
road and railway projects: Rail Baltica and Via Carpatia.
As the head of the government pointed out ‘these projects provide us with certainty and joy regarding the joint perspective for the future’ with regard to the Polish-Lithuanian alliance.
The celebrations prove how vivid and intense the Polish-Lithuanian dialogue is. ‘I am convinced that it will contribute to the well-being of our countries, enhancing their strength and solidarity’ the Prime Minister added.
The Battle of Grunwald
15 July 1410 was the day one of the greatest battles of the medieval Europe was fought. The allied forces of the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, commanded by the Polish king Władysław Jagiełło and the Grand Duke of Lithuania Witold, gathered at Grunwald to face the army of the Teutonic Knights, commanded by the Grand Master of the Teutonic Order, Ulrich von Jungingen.
The Grunwald victory is considered to be a breakthrough in the struggles with the Teutonic Order, which never again regained its former glory.
The famous battle is commemorated by a granite monument and an obelisk with 11 steel masts alluding to heraldic flags. A stone amphitheatre with a miniature model presenting the positions of the armies before the battle is located nearby.
The celebrations of the 610th anniversary of the Battle of Grunwald were attended by the President of Poland, Andrzej Duda, the President of Lithuania, Gitanas Nausėda, Polish Prime Minister, Mateusz Morawiecki, Lithuanian Prime Minister, Saulius Skvernelis, and the Grand Master of the Order of Brothers of the German House of Saint Mary in Jerusalem, Frank Bayard.
An obelisk, commemorating the participation of Lithuanians in the Battle of Grunwald, condoned by the Lithuanian nation, was unveiled during this year’s anniversary celebrations. The grand rock bears a carving of the coat of arms of Pogoń as well as a bilingual inscription: ‘From the Lithuanian nation for the joint victory’.