White Paper on the reforms of the Polish justice system
Today I had the opportunity to present the White Paper about whose assumptions and content I had a very substantive discussion with the President and the Vice-President of the Commission. We also passed it on to all Member States so that they could get acquainted with the reasons presented in it, which relate to the legitimacy and necessity of reforming the justice system in Poland,said Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki.
The Head of the Polish government emphasized that all partial and incomplete information on the reform of Polish justice system does not allow for developing clear opinion of why it was necessary.
We also want to lower the emotions that this reform has aroused in recent months and quarters, and I think it works, stressed the Prime Minister.
According to the Head of the Government the White Paper presented today in Brussels is an official government document adopted by the Committee on European Affairs. It has been distributed to all EU Member States and will be sent to all MEPs.
I would like everyone to be able to get acquainted with the specific nature of the Polish justice system, since it has become so known in Europe. It would be useful for us to know very well what we are talking about. That was the main subject of my today’s meeting, said Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki.
What we now expect is a very deep, substantive and serious analysis of this document, just as we very seriously and substantively approached the set of recommendations of the European Commission and based on a number of examples we tried to answer objectively and reliably to all doubts, said the Prime Minister.
Many Polish solutions are applicable in other European countries
He emphasized that a number of solutions presented in the White Paper, concerning the reform of the Polish justice system are applicable in other European countries. The Head of the Polish government mentioned, for example, the solutions concerning the National Council of the Judiciary, which are almost a copy of the Spanish solutions.
The Prime Minister emphasised that the vast majority of Polish judges are professional, substantively prepared and good judges, and what is primarily important for the Polish government is for the transparency and independence of the judges to be further strengthened.
This is a breakthrough in the independence of common judges, but I say it in the sense that they will be even more independent than they have been so far, because no president of the court will be able to influence a case by choosing the right judge, said Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki. about the changes being introduced in the Polish justice system.
Until recently, the judge could, for example, have been moved from the civil to criminal department, which often caused protests, but nobody has done anything about it so far.
We have introduced the rule that such shifts will not be possible, thus strengthening the position of judges of common courts, continued the Head of the Polish government.
From very specific, down-to-earth aspects, such as efficiency, lengthy court trials to those more related to values and philosophy of the justice system, we have talked here about all of them, said the Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki.
Dealing with the past
During the conference the Prime Minister also raised the issue related to the legacy of the totalitarian system, such as communism.
Communism was a totalitarian system, but there was no vetting. As far as common courts are concerned, no such verification took place, said the Head of the Polish government. As he said, we often hear questions: why such a review of judges and prosecutors was carried out in the former GDR in 1990, 1991 and why it did not take place in Poland.
I must say that these conversations were very encouraging and promising. We will definitely continue them. I hope that sometime in the near or more distant future, our positions will be even closer, close enough to fully communicate on the reform of the justice system that we have offered to our citizens, summarized the Prime Minister.