Moreover, the Prime Minister underlined that even though the Polish Government in exile and the Polish Underground State could not realise their task in the Homeland, they have never ceased their activities. These legal acts are part of evidence confirming that these organisations were active and that the State functioned. As she added, it proves that regulations have been uninterruptedly published during the war, the occupation and subsequently the period of the Polish People’s Republic, constituting one of the key manifestations of the continuity of the Polish State.
In the opinion of the Prime Minister, the publication of Official Journals is an act of paying due respect to all those who for many years had been building the state, took care of the functioning of the Polish state in exile, and the way of paying homage to them, and for Polish citizens it is an opportunity to read documents which for many years were out of their reach.
The Journal of Laws of the Republic of Poland and the Official Journal of the Republic of Poland the Polish Monitor, issued by the Polish government in exile in the years 1939-1990 were symbolically published at the website of the Sejm and the Government Legislation Centre where official journals are proclaimed. Two issues of the Journal of Laws of the Republic of Poland, published by the Polish authorities during the Warsaw Uprising in 1944, were also made available.
History of Official Journals of the Polish Government in exile
In Poland which was reborn after 123 years of captivity, the Regency Council began to publish legal acts in an official journal, i.e. Journal of Laws of the Kingdom of Poland, already on 1 February 1918. Unfortunately, the period of rebuilding the independent state was interrupted by the attack of Hitler’s Germany on Poland in 1939. This resulted in the necessity to proclaim the law outside the Polish borders. The last issue of the Journal of Laws of the Republic of Poland in the country at war with the Third Reich was published on 5 September 1939. Soon the entire territory of the Second Polish Republic was under the German and the Soviet occupation. The highest state authorities were interned in Romania.
In these circumstances, pursuant to the provisions of the Constitution from April 1935, the Government of the Republic of Poland in exile was appointed. During the war, the government was internationally recognized, and its subordinate Polish Underground State made efforts to continue the Polish state organisation on the territory of the country.
In this extremely dramatic situation for the Polish state, from 31 October 1939 the government in exile published legal acts and other documents in the Journal of Laws of the Republic of Poland, issued first in Paris and then in Angers and London. Subsequent issues of the journal were published throughout the entire period of functioning of the emigration government, i.e. also after the war. The last issue was published in 1990 where the insignia of power were symbolically presented by the President of the Republic of Poland in exile to the first President elected in free elections.