The celebrations began with a mass at the Church of the Triumph of the Holy Cross. The subsequent part of the event was held at a symbolic place next to a Cross-Monument commemorating the nine miners killed.
38 years ago, the communist authorities struck at the civil society, at this huge freedom movement of NSZZ “Solidarność” said the Prime Minister. As he emphasised,
miners, armed with courage, bravery and the desire to fight for better future and free Poland, stood against tanks and rifles.
The head of the government stressed that the
fate of the miners, workers that December constituted the foundation of solidarity and freedom, without which free Poland could not have emerged.
On 16 December 1981, the pacification of the striking staff of the Wujek Coal Mine in Katowice took place, which was conducted by ZOMO and the army after the declaration of the martial law. As a result of the clashes, 9 miners were killed and 23 were injured.