Polish-American cooperation in the development of nuclear energy in Poland
The Government Plenipotentiary for Strategic Energy Infrastructure, Piotr Naimski, and the United States Secretary of Energy, Dan Brouillette, discussed the signing of the intergovernmental agreement on cooperation in the development of the nuclear energy programme in Poland. The agreement, which will be concluded for thirty years, is unprecedented and symbolises the close bond between the United States and Poland in the field of energy.
On 6 July 2017, during his visit in Warsaw, the president of the United States, Donald Trump, declared that
the United States are ready to help Poland and other European nations diversify energy suppliers so that they will never again be hostage to only one supplier holding a monopoly. The agreement constitutes the fulfillment of that promise and is a chance to strengthen the strategic partnership between both countries in the field of energy. It also contributes to the diversification of energy sources and helps Poland become independent from the suppliers using energy as a tool in international relations.
Provisions of the agreement
In accordance with the provisions of the agreement, within 18 months, Poland and the US will jointly prepare a report containing the results of preparation and design works performed by leading American companies of the civil nuclear energy sector as well as a proposal for the funding structure of the programme. The report will constitute the basis for long-term involvement of the US, and for Poland it will constitute the basis for selecting the partner for the implementation of the Polish Programme of Nuclear Energy.
In the long-term perspective, the agreement defines the areas of cooperation, both within the framework of supporting the involved economic entities and actions at the government level –from regulations, studies, staff training, through the development of supply chains and campaigns aimed at increasing social awareness, to cooperation within the framework of projects concerning nuclear energy in Europe.
Secretary Brouillet signed this historical agreement on 19 October 2020. It will be immediately sent to Poland, where it will be signed by Minister Naimski in Warsaw by the end of this week. The draft of the agreement was earlier notified pursuant to Art. 103 of the EURATOM treaty, and the European Commission raised no objections thereto. The agreement will be subject to the approval of the Council of Ministers and will enter into force after the exchange of diplomatic notes between Poland and the US.
The Polish-American agreement – an opportunity for development and technological advancement
Secretary Brouillette emphasised American industry’s constant interest in being involved in clean, stable and secure nuclear energy for Poland in the context of increasing energy security of the entire region. Minister Naimiski emphasised that for Poland the agreement means both access to clean energy and security of energy supply, but also broader geopolitical security, long-term economic development and significant technological advancement.
The United States of America fully support Poland in its pursuit for increasing security, both domestic and regional, as well as its own democratic sovereignty – secretary Brouillette emphasised.
The administration of President Trump is certain that diversification of sources and directions of energy supply constitutes is of key importance for energy security. Nuclear energy will provide Poland with clean and stable electric energy supply and will increase diversification and energy security in the country. The most advanced solutions in the field of nuclear energy must be an element of talks with our allies in Europe and the world regarding the ways in which energy security can be ensured
The Government Plenipotentiary for Strategic Energy Infrastructure emphasised that for Poland “the agreement means not only access to clean energy and security of energy supply. Poland views this strategic cooperation with the US in a broader context. It is associated with geopolitical security, conditions enabling constant economic growth and technological advancement as well as the creation of an entire industrial sector in Poland from the ground-up.”
The agreement is crucial for several reasons. Not only does it strengthen the Polish-American relations, but it also shows the world that in the field of nuclear energy the United States is back in the global game with the most advanced technologies. Nuclear energy has never been a safer, more cost-competitive and flexible source of energy than it is today. We are ready to provide our partners with technologies and financing so that energy security is ensured, and, at the same time, environmental pollution is decreased – said the Ambassador of the United States in Poland, Georgette Mosbacher.
The Ambassador of the Republic of Poland in the USA, Piotr Wilczek, emphasised that
Poland wants the United States to be its strategic partner in the programme. Considering the time necessary for the construction, operation and safe shutdown of modern nuclear power plants, this partnership is a strategic choice for the next 100 years.