The National Day of Remembrance of the Cursed Soldiers
It is a Polish state holiday celebrated annually on 1 March, dedicated to the commemoration of anti-Communist and independence underground movement. Enacted by the Sejm of the Republic of Poland on 3 February 2011.
The President Lech Kaczyński, who sent a draft Act to the Sejm on 1 March 2010, was a declared advocate of introducing the National Day of Remembrance of the Cursed Soldiers. The then President of Institute of National Remembrance Janusz Kurtyka proposed to establish the National Day of Remembrance of the Cursed Soldiers on 1 March.
This date is not accidental. That day in 1951 in prison at Rakowiecka Street in the Mokotów district of Warsaw seven members of Headquarters of the
Wolność i Niezawisłość (Freedom and Independence) Association were executed: Łukasz Ciepliński, Mieczysław Kawalec, Józef Batory, Adam Lazarowicz, Józef Batory, Franciszek Błażej, Karol Chmiel i Józef Rzepka – who were the last all-Polish coordinators of the
Fight for Freedom and Independence of Poland against new Soviet occupation.